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CPRE Study Guide

Mastering CPRE®

CPRE Study Guide – The essential guide for succeeding in CPRE® examination from IREB, Germany

Mastering CPRE is a book intended for all aspirants for world’s most popular examination on requirements engineering, Certified Professional in Requirements Engineering. This book follows the most updated syllabus v2.2 by IREB, Germany. It explains all concepts needed for the CPRE examination in simple and easy to understand manner.

There are many illustrations to explain the concepts and a tabular format to present the information in a concise manner. Most of the examples provided are from IT project management domain which most readers are likely to be familiar with.

A sample section from the book:
CPRE Study Guide stakeholder analysis process

Requirements engineers MUST identify and list all potential stakeholders for a project. A stakeholder list is a list of potential stakeholders for requirements engineering.



  • Ensures no stakeholders have been left out.
  • Involving stakeholders can build trust, which lead to increased consensus for the project.


  • May add stakeholders to the project who may not be critical to the project success.
  • This may lead to additional requirements, cost and schedule.

Requirements Categorization According to Kano Model


  1. Dis-satisfiers are properties of the system that are self-evident and taken for granted (Subconscious knowledge, Implicit requirements).
  2. Satisfiers are explicitly demanded system properties (Conscious knowledge, Explicit or stated requirements).
  3. Delighters are system properties that the stakeholder does not know or expect and discovers only while using the system — a pleasant and useful surprise (Unconscious knowledge).

With time, delighters turn into satisfiers and dis-satisfiers. All 3 categories must be elicited.

Dissatisfies Satisfiers Delighters
Type of requirement Sub-conscious Conscious Un-conscious
Stakeholder need Must Must Should
Techniques Observation and document-centric techniques Survey Creativity techniques

The book uses interesting icons to indicate aspects that the reader to make him or her aware about critical aspects. Sample icons used are:
CPRE Study Guide icons
Author has taken special care to keep the language simple and direct. The book also provides 10 sample questions with answers for all 9 chapters of the book. Hope this will be helpful for the readers.

Few sample questions are:

9. The question – ‘How many cars are manufactured on any given day?’ is an example of:
a. An open – ended question
b. A stated requirement
c. A closed-ended question
d. A business need
10. What is the primary responsibility of a scribe of requirements work-shop?
a. Enforcing discipline, structure and ground rules for the meeting.
b. Documenting business requirements in the format determined prior to the meeting.
c. Introducing the goals and agenda for the meeting.
d. Ensuring that all stakeholders participate and have their input heard.

You can download a sample chapter of the book at
You can purchase the book in Amazon

Buyers of the book also can download many more solved examples on modeling from the book web-site which will be lunched soon.

About the Author

LN Mishra LN Mishra (LN) has 22 years of professional experience in software product development, business analysis, requirements analysis, governance, risk and compliance management (CMMI, ISO9001, ISO27001, HIPAA and Six-Sigma). LN is World-wide convener for Open Requirements Engineering Group (, a professional non-profit body dedicated to improvement of requirements engineering practices world-wide.

LN is a practicing requirements engineer and business analyst for more than 15 years. He was involved in multiple multi-country large ERP implementation projects. He currently consults in development of 2 large systems – one of the largest paint companies in the world to develop their next generation color management system and development of a GRC system. He is also the product manager for an enterprise . Governance, Risk and Compliance management system (GRCPerfect) which is operational in multiple client places.

He wLead auditoras involved in one of the world’s change management program in PricewaterhouseCoopers, a leading management consulting firm, in one of the largest privatization effort in India for a public sector utility agency.

CBAPLN has conducted more than 100 workshops, both public and in house in the areas of Business Analysis, Requirements Management, Agile Project Management, software Project Management, Six Sigma, CMM, ISO 9001, and ISO 27001. He has also guided 30+ six sigma green belt projects in iGate, MACH and Akzo Nobel.

LN holds a Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM) from IIM Ahmedabad, the top-most business management school in India and Bachelor in Engineering (Honours) in Electronics and Telecommunication from University College of Engineering, Burla, India.

Major Awards/Recognitions:

  • Certified Requirements Engineering Professional (CPRE) from IREB, Germany.
  • Certified Business Analyst Professional (CBAP) from IIBA, Canada.
  • Certified Project Management Professional (PMP) from PMI, USA.
  • Certified Scrum Master from Good Agile, USA.
  • World Topper Certified software Quality Analyst (CSQA), 2000.
  • Certified Lead Auditor for ISO 9001, ISO 27001, ISO 20000 and BS 25999 from RAB-QSA, Australia.

Clients for whom LN has consulted and mentored

Clients Clients

LN lives with his wife, Ananya, son, Siddharth and daughter, Saianshee in Bangalore, the IT capital of India.

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